Veblen is a city in Marshall County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 531 at the 2010 census.
Veblen is located at 45°51′46″N 97°17′14″W / 45.86278°N 97.28722°W / 45.86278; -97.28722 (45.862802, -97.287146).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.31 square miles (0.80 km), all of it land.
Veblen has been assigned the ZIP code 57270 and the FIPS place code 66540.
As of the census of 2010, there were 531 people, 151 households, and 72 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,712.9 inhabitants per square mile (661.4/km). There were 174 housing units at an average density of 561.3 per square mile (216.7/km). The racial makeup of the city was 37.1% White, 0.2% African American, 12.6% Native American, 47.8% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 52.9% of the population.
There were 151 households of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.1% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 52.3% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.52 and the average family size was 3.18.
The median age in the city was 28.2 years. 15.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 18.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 41% were from 25 to 44; 14.5% were from 45 to 64; and 10.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 70.8% male and 29.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 281 people, 141 households, and 73 families residing in the city. The population density was 915.8 people per square mile (350.0/km²). There were 167 housing units at an average density of 544.2 per square mile (208.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.49% White, 15.30% Native American, 2.49% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.85% of the population.
There were 141 households out of which 22.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.5% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.2% were non-families. 47.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 29.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.99 and the average family size was 2.79.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 18.5% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 30.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $18,583, and the median income for a family was $20,625. Males had a median income of $31,964 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,053. About 25.3% of families and 29.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.9% of those under the age of 18 and 23.2% of those 65 or over.
Veblen South Dakota neighborhoods include: Alcester, Baltic, Black Hawk, Box Elder, Brandon, Buffalo Ridge, Camp Crook, Canton, Caputa, Central City, Chancellor, Colton, Creighton, Crooks, Custer, Deadwood, Dell Rapids, Elkton, Ellsworth Afb, Garretson, Hartford, Hermosa, Hill City, Howes, Humboldt, Keystone, Lead, Ludlow, Montrose, Nemo, New Underwood, North Sioux City, Owanka, Parker, Quinn, Rapid City, Renner, Rowena, Saint Onge, Scenic, Sherman, Silver City, Sioux Falls, Spearfish, Sturgis, Valley Springs, Wall, Wanblee, Wasta, Whitewood