Sanborn County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,355. Its county seat and largest city is Woonsocket. The county was created by the Dakota Territorial legislature on May 1, 1883 with land partitioned from Miner County. It was fully organized by July 18, 1883.
The terrain of Sanborn County consists of rolling hills, largely devoted to agriculture. The James River flows southward through the east-central part of the county, and the SW part of the country is drained by Dry Run Creek. The terrain slopes to the south and to the southeast; its highest point is in its SW corner, at 1,358′ (414m) ASL. The county has a total area of 570 square miles (1,500 km), of which 569 square miles (1,470 km) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km) (0.2%) is water.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 2,675 people, 1,043 households, and 732 families in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,220 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.88% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.26% from two or more races. 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,043 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.50% were married couples living together, 4.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.07.
The county population contained 25.70% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 19.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 107.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,375, and the median income for a family was $38,256. Males had a median income of $25,951 versus $18,482 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,301. About 11.00% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.10% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,355 people, 975 households, and 630 families in the county. The population density was 4.1 inhabitants per square mile (1.6/km). There were 1,172 housing units at an average density of 2.1 per square mile (0.81/km). The racial makeup of the county was 98.0% white, 0.3% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry,
Of the 975 households, 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families, and 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.79. The median age was 47.1 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $44,732 and the median income for a family was $56,304. Males had a median income of $32,361 versus $23,724 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,055. About 7.7% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.
Sanborn County South Dakota neighborhoods include: Alcester, Baltic, Black Hawk, Box Elder, Brandon, Buffalo Ridge, Camp Crook, Canton, Caputa, Central City, Chancellor, Colton, Creighton, Crooks, Custer, Deadwood, Dell Rapids, Elkton, Ellsworth Afb, Garretson, Hartford, Hermosa, Hill City, Howes, Humboldt, Keystone, Lead, Ludlow, Montrose, Nemo, New Underwood, North Sioux City, Owanka, Parker, Quinn, Rapid City, Renner, Rowena, Saint Onge, Scenic, Sherman, Silver City, Sioux Falls, Spearfish, Sturgis, Valley Springs, Wall, Wanblee, Wasta, Whitewood