Leola is a small city in, and the county seat of, McPherson County, South Dakota, United States. It was founded on May 1, 1884, and named for Leola Haynes, daughter of one of the town’s founders. The population was 457 as of the 2010 census.
Leola is located at 45°43′16″N 98°56′19″W / 45.72111°N 98.93861°W / 45.72111; -98.93861 (45.721238, -98.938503).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.73 square miles (1.89 km), of which, 0.72 square miles (1.86 km) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 457 people, 209 households, and 125 families residing in the city. The population density was 634.7 inhabitants per square mile (245.1/km). There were 258 housing units at an average density of 358.3 per square mile (138.3/km). The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.
There were 209 households of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.2% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.88.
The median age in the city was 43.1 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.7% were from 25 to 44; 25.8% were from 45 to 64; and 22.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 462 people, 234 households, and 135 families residing in the city. The population density was 651.2 people per square mile (251.2/km²). There were 268 housing units at an average density of 377.7 per square mile (145.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.78% White and 0.22% Native American.
There were 234 households out of which 18.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 3.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.3% were non-families. 40.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.64.
In the city, the population was spread out with 18.6% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 31.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,559, and the median income for a family was $33,125. Males had a median income of $28,250 versus $22,321 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,807. About 1.5% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 16.2% of those age 65 or over.