Lebanon is a town in Potter County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 47 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.53 square miles (1.37 km), all of it land.
Lebanon has been assigned the ZIP code 57455 and the FIPS place code 36260.
As of the census of 2010, there were 47 people, 23 households, and 11 families residing in the town. The population density was 88.7 inhabitants per square mile (34.2/km). There were 40 housing units at an average density of 75.5 per square mile (29.2/km). The racial makeup of the town was 91.5% White, 4.3% Native American, and 4.3% from two or more races.
There were 23 households of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 52.2% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.04 and the average family size was 2.55.
The median age in the town was 49.5 years. 19.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17% were from 25 to 44; 38.3% were from 45 to 64; and 19.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 55.3% male and 44.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 86 people, 39 households, and 28 families residing in the town. The population density was 160.8 people per square mile (62.7/km²). There were 54 housing units at an average density of 100.9 per square mile (39.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.84% White and 1.16% Native American.
There were 39 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.61.
In the town, the population was spread out with 18.6% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 14.0% from 25 to 44, 30.2% from 45 to 64, and 32.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $25,625, and the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $47,500 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,135. There were 13.6% of families and 24.3% of the population living below the poverty line, including 37.5% of under eighteens and 17.2% of those over 64.
Lebanon South Dakota neighborhoods include: Angelee/Acorn/Rose/Willow, Brewster Road, Denny School Road, Downing Edition, East of Williams, East Stoltz Hill, Eddie St Etal, E Oak Cleveland River, Filbert St, First Assembly Church, Green Acres, Hiatt Street, Honey Sign, James Place, Kees/S Airport Rd, Liberty SweetHome/Lebanon, McDowell Creek, McKenzie Meadows, Middle Ridge to Elizabeth, North Lebanon, Oak to Airport, Pineway Golf Course, Porter St, Providence, Ridgeway, Santiam Hwy, Santiam Place, Sodaville, South 12th, Spring St, Thomas Estates, Vaughnville, Violet St, Wagon Wheel Dr, Weldwood Park