Jefferson is a city in Union County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 547 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Sioux City, IA-NE-SD Metropolitan Statistical Area. Jefferson was founded in 1859. Every year the citizens of Jefferson and surrounding area celebrate the founding of Jefferson during the “Days of ’59”, a festival that includes softball, basketball, horseshoes, car show, fireworks and parade.
Jefferson is located at 42°36′16″N 96°33′46″W / 42.60444°N 96.56278°W / 42.60444; -96.56278 (42.604514, -96.562823).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.50 square miles (1.29 km), all land.
Jefferson has been assigned the ZIP code 57038 and the FIPS place code 32700.
The closest bodies of water are Horseshoe Lake, a small oxbow lake formed from the nearby river; McCook Lake, the Big Sioux River and the Missouri River.
As of the census of 2010, there were 547 people, 233 households, and 146 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,094.0 inhabitants per square mile (422.4/km). There were 248 housing units at an average density of 496.0 per square mile (191.5/km). The racial makeup of the city was 97.4% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.
There were 233 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.3% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.94.
The median age in the city was 39.2 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.3% were from 25 to 44; 28.4% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 586 people, 228 households, and 160 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,028.2 people per square mile (780.2/km²). There were 240 housing units at an average density of 830.7 per square mile (319.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.59% White, 0.85% African American, 1.02% Native American, 0.17% Asian, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.88% of the population.
There were 228 households out of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city, the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $47,625, and the median income for a family was $52,813. Males had a median income of $34,750 versus $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,467. About 1.3% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.